Na at pa
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Lesson 103: Na at pa
Say "na" to express "already."
Say "hindî pa" to express "not yet."
Na and pa are rich in meaning. This table of expectations or assumptions should help.
|What speaker expects or assumes before speaking||What kausap expects or assumes|
|1.||Kumain na akó||Speaker hasn’t eaten|
|2.||Kakain pa lang akó||Speaker has eaten|
|3.||Kakain ka pa||Kausap should not eat|
|4.||Kumain ka na (1)||Kausap has already eaten and should not now eat|
|5.||Kain na! Short for “Kumain ka na” (2)||Kausap has not eaten and should now eat|
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