-um- verbs: past aspect
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Lesson 20: -um- verbs: past aspect


The past of -um- verbs is identical in form to the infinitive.

Use the verb’s past aspect to express action
begun and completed in the past.
Since Filipino has no perfect tenses,
we use the verb’s past aspect to express all action in the past,
including past, present perfect and past perfect.

ExampleRootStructureIn a sentence English
kumainkaink-um-ainKumain siya.She ate. She has eaten. She had eaten.


More Examples


Kumain akó. Akó ay kumain.
Kumain ka. Ikáw ay kumain.
Kumain siyá. Siyá ay kumain.
Kumain tayo. Tayo ay kumain.
Kumain kami. Kami ay kumain.
Kumain kayó. Kayó ay kumain.
Kumain silá. Silá ay kumain.

RootAffixOngoing | PresentCompleted | PastFuture

gawâ

um

gumagawâ

gumawâ

gagawâ

    gumagawâ namán pô akó. gumawâ ka namán. gagawâ sana siyá.
    gumagawâ kayó. gumawâ palá silá! Baká gagawâ itó.
    Hindî iyán gumagawâ. gumawâ sana itó. gagawâ ba ang mga tatay at nanay?
    gumagawâ ngâ si Kikò. gumawâ rin iyón. gagawâ namán kamí.
    gumagawâ raw siná Kikò at Charina. gumawâ ang tatay. Hindî tayo gagawâ.

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