A NG-phrase can be one of the following four elements:
| = "or"
NG-case personal noun
NI | NINÁ
NG-case non-personal noun
NG | NG MGA
NG-case personal pronoun
ko | mo | niyá | natin| namin | NINYÓ |
NG-case non-personal pronoun
NITÓ | NIYÁN | NIYÓN | NG MGA ITÓ |
NG MGA IYÁN | NG MGA IYÓN
How NG-phrases are used:
1. A NG-phrase can be used to express ownership.
2. When the verb is actor-focus, a NG-phrase is the receiver of the action; it's direct object.
3. When the verb is object-focus, a NG-phrase is the doer of the action.