We often say something happens to somebody.
When we refer to that somebody by a pronoun,
we have what we call pattern 3B:
|Pattern 3B||Personal pronoun||AY object-focus verb|
|She||was helped by Charina at the market.|
|Siya||ay tinulungan ni Charina sa palengke.|
In the pattern definition above:
"Personal pronoun" can be replaced by "one or more personal pronouns."
"Object-focus verb" can be replaced by "one or more object-focus verbs."
Compare the different patterns:
|3A Personal name||Charina was given a gift.|
|3B Personal pronoun||We were not given gifts.|
|3C Non-personal name||Mother was given the gift of music.|
|3D Non-personal pronoun||It was given many gifts.|