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Lesson 88: 3B: "To somebody (a personal pronoun) happens an action"


We often say something happens to somebody.
When we refer to that somebody by a pronoun,
we have what we call pattern 3B:

Pattern 3BPersonal pronounAY object-focus verb
Shewas helped by Charina at the market.
Siyaay tinulungan ni Charina sa palengke.


In the pattern definition above:
"Personal pronoun" can be replaced by "one or more personal pronouns."
"Object-focus verb" can be replaced by "one or more object-focus verbs."

Compare the different patterns:
3A Personal nameCharina was given a gift.
3B Personal pronounWe were not given gifts.
3C Non-personal nameMother was given the gift of music.
3D Non-personal pronounIt was given many gifts.

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