3C: "To somebody or something (a non-personal name) happens an action"
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Lesson 89: 3C: "To somebody or something (a non-personal name) happens an action"


We often say something happens to somebody or something.
When that somebody or something is a noun,
but not the name of a person (non-personal name),
we have what we call pattern 3C.

Pattern 3CNon-personal nameAY object-focus verb
Your momwas helped by Charina at the market.
Ang iyong nanayay tinulungan ni Charina sa palengke.


In the pattern definition above:
"Non-personal name" can be replaced by "one or more non-personal names."
"Object-focus verb" can be replaced by "one or more object-focus verbs."

Compare the different patterns:
3A Personal nameCharina was given a gift.
3B Personal pronounWe were not given gifts.
3C Non-personal nameMother was given the gift of music.
3D Non-personal pronounIt was given many gifts.

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