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Lesson 103: Na at pa

Say "na" to express "already."
Say "hindî pa" to express "not yet."

Na and pa are rich in meaning. This table of expectations or assumptions should help.

What speaker expects or assumes before speakingWhat kausap expects or assumes
1.Kumain na akóSpeaker hasn’t eaten
2.Kakain pa lang akóSpeaker has eaten
3.Kakain ka paKausap should not eat
4.Kumain ka na (1)Kausap has already eaten and should not now eat
5.Kain na! Short for “Kumain ka na” (2)Kausap has not eaten and should now eat

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